Leonid Yefremovich Pankavuranov (September 6, 1919 — July 28, 1990) was a Margovyan actor, screenwriter, producer and director. His acting career spanned six decades, starting off as a child actor in the late 1920s and the 1930s. He served the country during the World War II from 1940 to 1945, after which he transitioned to politics. He served as a representative of his hometown, Bonjoaya, from 1948 to 1950 (after losing two elections for mayorship of Andufa City), after which he was appointed by President Mstislav Andropov as the Minister of Justice, serving for four years until 1954. He then served two terms as senator from 1954 to 1960, after which he went back to show business to focus on acting and producing.
Pankavuranov has starred in, directed, produced and/or written over 500 movies, television series, short films, screenplays, theatrical plays and musicals in total from his acting debut in 1926 until his death in 1990. He also founded the now-prestigious production studio Pankavuranov Pictures with his eldest son, actor/producer Mikhail Pankavuranov in 1971, which produced some of the most successful films from the 1970's until the present day.
During the last years of his life, Pankavuranov became a talent manager, and became the mentor of some of the most famous actors and actresses of the 1980's and 1990's, which included Darya Isarmova, Ana Gorbacheva, Raisa Korovina, Mara Shchpalova, Gregoriy Umalin, Klara Viktorova, Raisa Portorenko, Anastasiy Barfolomeyev, and Kazimir Ulabrov. Pankavuranov died on July 28, 1990 at the age of 70.
Pankavuranov received the Margovyan National Artist award posthumously in 1993, and the Leonid Pankavuranov Memorial Awards, which celebrates the best and world class performances of Margovyan actors and actresses nationwide, was established in 1994 in his honor.